All You Need To Know About Immigrating To Canadian Province of Quebec

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All You Need To Know About Immigrating To Canadian Province of Quebec
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Canada immigration news: As the COVID-19 pandemic wanes, public health restrictions are eased and Quebec works hard to rebuild its economy and resolve labour shortages, the francophone province is seeing a resurgence in immigration in 2021.

In the first nine months of this year alone, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) figures show the province welcomed more new permanent residents than it did all of last year. 

Immigration to Quebec was already up by almost 35.5 per cent of last year’s total at the end of September this year, with 34,170 new permanent residents to the province during that time period compared to the 25,225 new permanent residents to the province in all of 2020.


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The province’s immigration minister, Nadine Girault, wants to keep that momentum going and bring in more foreign workers to deal with Quebec’s growing labour shortages. Earlier this year, she pledged to raise the province’s immigration levels as it emerges from the COVID-19 pandemic.

Then, last month, the province announced it would be investing more into immigrant settlement services.

“I am pleased to announce today an important investment of more than $20 million to support non-profit organizations that help immigrants settle into our regions,” Girault tweeted in mid-October.

Before the pandemic, immigration to Quebec had been fairly steady for three years after jumping by 8.7 per cent, from 48,975 to 53,240, from 2015 to the next year, show IRCC figures.

The arrival of COVID-19 in Asia in late 2019 led to travel restrictions there and cut immigration to Quebec, leading to only 40,565 new permanent residents to the province that year. This year, the rate of immigration to Quebec has the province on track to surpass that level set in 2019 by 12.3 per cent.

Quebec plans to welcome up to 70,500 new immigrants in 2022, according to the Immigration Levels Plan tabled in the National Assembly in late October.

The figures include 52,500 newcomers under the previously announced plan, and 18,000 intended to make up the deficit of newcomers registered during the COVID-19 pandemic.

The rebalancing figure is high because Quebec immigration is forecasting that it will fail to reach its 2021 immigration target.

Last year, the Ministry of Immigration, Francisation and Integration (MIFI) planned to welcome up to 54,500 newcomers in 2021, including 7,000 to help make up the shortfall seen in 2020, at the height of the pandemic.

But projections show Quebec will only welcome a maximum of 47,100 newcomers this year, a number that could drop as low as 43,100.

With the labour shortages rampant throughout the province, Quebec’s Ministry of Immigration, Francisation and Integration (MIFI) updated its list of occupations that qualify for its facilitated Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) earlier this year. 

The list of jobs in high demand for which employers do not need to demonstrate they have tried to hire and failed to find suitably-qualified Canadians now includes:

NOC code

Occupation

0111

Financial managers

0112

Human Resources Managers

0121

Insurance, Real Estate and Financial Brokerage Managers

0122

Banking, credit and other investment managers

0124

Advertising, marketing and public relations managers

0131

Telecommunication carriers managers

0213

IT system managers *

0311

Managers in health care

0421

Administrators – post-secondary education and vocational training (only for educational institutions designated and recognized by the Ministry of Education and Higher Education or another ministry or agency authorized by the State).

0422

Supervisors / School Principals and Administrators / Administrators of education at primary and secondary school programs (for educational institutions designated and recognized by the Ministry of Education and Higher Education or another ministry or mandatory agency of the State)

0423

Managers in social, community and correctional services

0711

Construction managers

0712

Home construction managers and renovators

0821

Managers in agriculture

0822

Horticulture managers

0911

Manufacturing Managers

1111

Financial auditors and accountants

1112

Financial analysts and investment analysts

1113

Securities agents, investment agents and traders

1114

Financial planners and financial advisers (only this name)

1121

Human resources professionals

1122

Professional occupations in business management consulting

1212

Supervisors, finance and insurance office workers

1213

Supervisors, library, correspondence and other information workers

1214

Postal and courier service supervisors

1215

Supervisors, supply chain, tracking and scheduling co-ordination occupations

1222

Executive assistants

1223

Human Resources and Recruitment Officers

1224

Property management officers

1225

Purchasing agents

1243

Medical administrative assistants

1251

Court reporters, medical transcriptionists and related occupations

1252

Health information management occupations

1311

Accounting technicians and bookkeepers

1312

Insurance Adjusters and Claims Examiners

1313

Insurers / Underwriters

1315

Maritime brokers (only this designation)

2112

Chemists

2113

Geoscientists and oceanographers

2121

Biologists and related scientists

2122

Forest science professionals

2123

Agricultural Representatives, Consultants and Specialists

2131

Civil engineers

2132

Mechanical Engineers

2133

Electrical and Electronics Engineers

2134

Chemical engineers

2141

Industrial and manufacturing engineers

2142

Metallurgical and materials engineers

2143

Mining engineers

2146

Aerospace engineers

2147

Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers) *

2151

Architects

2153

Urban and land use planners

2154

Land Surveyors / Surveyors

2161

Mathematicians, statisticians and actuaries *

2171

Computer analysts and consultants *

2172

Database analysts and data administrators *

2173

Software engineers and designers *

2174

Programmers and Interactive Media Developers *

2175

Web Designers and Developers *

2223

Forest science technologists and technicians

2224

Natural and fishery technicians

2225

Landscape and horticulture technicians and specialists

2231

Civil engineering technologists and technicians

2232

Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians

2233

Industrial engineering and manufacturing technologists and technicians

2234

Construction estimators

2241

Electronic and electrical engineering technologists and technicians

2243

Industrial instrument technicians and mechanics

2251

Architectural technologists and technicians

2254

Land survey technologists and technicians

2263

Public health, environment and occupational health and safety inspectors

2264

Construction inspectors

2281

Computer network technicians *

2282

User support workers

2283

Computer systems assessors and the video game tester designation *

3011

Nursing co-ordinators and supervisors

3012

Registered Nurses and Registered Psychiatric Nurses / Registered Psychiatric Nurses

3111

Specialist doctors

3112

General Practitioners and Family Physicians

3113

Dentists

3114

Vets

3121

Optometrists

3122

Chiropractor / Chiropractors

3124

Related primary health care practitioners

3131

Chemists / Pharmacists

3132

Dietitians and nutritionists

3141

Audiologists and speech-language pathologists

3142

Physiotherapists

3143

Occupational Therapists

3211

Medical laboratory technologists

3212

Medical laboratory technicians and pathology assistants

3213

Animal health technologists and veterinary technicians

3214

Respiratory therapists, cardiovascular perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists

3215

Medical radiation technologists

3219

Technical assistants in pharmacy (only this name)

3221

Denturists

3222

Hygienists and dental therapists

3233

Licensed practical nurses

3234

Paramedics

4011

University professors and lecturers

4012

Post-secondary teaching and research assistants

4021

College Teachers and Other Vocational Training Instructors (Only for Educational Institutions Designated by the Ministry of Education and Higher Education or another government department or agency)

4031

Secondary school teachers (only for educational institutions designated and recognized by the Ministry of Education and Higher Education or another ministry or agency authorized by the State)

4032

Elementary and preschool teachers (only for educational institutions designated and recognized by the Ministry of Education and Higher Education or another ministry or agency authorized by the State)

4033

School Information Consultants

4112

Lawyers (everywhere in Canada) and notaries (in Quebec)

4151

Psychologists

4152

Social workers

4153

Marriage therapists / marriage therapists, family therapists / family therapists and psychoeducators / psychoeducators (only this name)

4156

Employment counselors

4161

Natural and applied sciences researchers, consultants and program officers

4162

Economists, researchers and economic policy analysts

4163

Economic development officers, marketers and marketing consultants

4164

Social Policy Researchers, Consultants and Program Officers

4165

Health Policy Researchers, Consultants and Program Officers

4166

Education Policy Researchers, Consultants and Program Officers

4211

Legal technicians (only this name)

4212

Social and community service workers

4214

Early childhood educators and assistants (whose employer is authorized to hire is an educational institution designated and recognized by the Ministère de l’Éducation et de l’Enseignement supérieur or another ministry or an authorized agency of the State, or a daycare service recognized by the Ministry of Family)

4215

Instructors of persons with disabilities

4312

Fire / female firefighters

5125

Translators, terminologists and interpreters

5131

Producers, directors, choreographers and the name technical, creative and artistic directors, technical, creative and artistic directors and project managers – visual effects and video games

5211

Library and public archive technicians

5223

Graphic arts technicians

5241

Graphic designers and illustrators *

6211

Sales Supervisors – Retail

6221

Technical Sales Specialists – Wholesale Trade

6231

Insurance agents and brokers

6235

Financial sales representatives

6314

Information and customer service supervisors

6331

Butchers, meat cutters and fishmongers – wholesale and retail

7201

Supervisors, machinists and metal forming, profiling and assembling trades personnel (only this designation)

7202

Electricity and telecommunications foremen / women (only this designation)

7205

Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers

7231

Machinists and Machining and Tooling Inspectors

7233

Sheet Metal / Metal Workers

7236

Ironworkers

7237

Welders and Related Machine Operators

7242

Industrial electricians

7245

Telecommunications line and cable workers

7246

Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers

7251

Plumbers

7252

Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers

7271

Carpenters / Carpenters

7281

Bricklayers / Bricklayers

7282

Concrete finishers

7283

Tiles / Finishers

7284

Plasterers / Drywall installers / applicators and pavers / finishers and Interior Systems Drywall / Lathers

7291

Roofers and shinglers

7292

Glaziers / vitrières

7293

Insulators / Insulators

7294

Painters and decorators (except interior decorators)

7295

Floor covering installers

7301

Mechanical foreman / woman (only this designation)

7302

Supervisors, heavy equipment operator teams (only this designation)

7303

Supervisors, printing and related occupations

7311

Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics

7312

Heavy-duty equipment mechanics

7316

Machine fitters

7318

Elevator Constructors and Mechanics

7321

Motor vehicle, truck and bus mechanics and repairers

7331

Oil and solid fuel burner installers

7332

Appliance servicers and repairers

7333

Electromechanical / Mechanics

7361

Locomotive and Yard Mechanics

7371

Crane / Operators

7381

Printing press operators

8211

Supervisors, logging

8241

Logging machinery operators

8252

Foremen / women, agricultural services, supervisors of farms and specialized workers in animal husbandry (only this designation)

9212

Supervisors, petroleum refining, gas and chemical processing, and utilities

9213

Supervisors, food, beverage and associated products processing

9214

Supervisors, rubber and plastics product manufacturing

9215

Supervisors, forest product processing

9235

Operators in pulp and paper pulping, papermaking and coating operators

9241

Power station mechanics and power system operators

9243

Water and waste treatment plant operators

In Canada, the province of Quebec is unique in that it administers its own immigration programs which have separate selection criteria from those of other provinces and the federal government. 

Francophone Province Manages Own Expression of Interest System

The province has, for example, its own Expression of Interest immigration system to select candidates for the Quebec Skilled Worker program. Candidates submit profiles via an online portal called Arrima.

The system is designed to allow candidates with the best credentials to get to the front of the line to maintain a continuous flow of new workers with profiles that meet the needs of Quebec businesses.

Foreign nationals wishing to settle permanently in Quebec must undergo a two-step immigration process.

First, they must be selected by MIFI and get a Quebec Certificate of Selection (CSQ). This is an official document issued by Quebec immigration authorities to attest that the candidate has been selected by the province. It is not a visa, so it cannot be used to enter into Canada.

Once the foreign national has his or her CSQ, the next step is to file a permanent residence application with IRCC within 24 months from the date the CSQ was issued. 

The federal government’s role in evaluating a Quebec application for permanent residence is mainly limited to issues of health and criminality.

At this stage, an application will be submitted to IRCC, including police certificates and medical exams, when requested.

There are several programs for those who want to immigration to Quebec. 

Under Quebec’s Regular Skilled Worker Program (RSWP), candidates declare their interest in immigrating to Québec to work. The province then selects candidates who are most likely to establish themselves economically in Quebec. 

These are workers whose skills correspond to particular provincial market needs, which makes it easier for them to find work. Quebec bases its selection on a grid of factors for which points are awarded, namely education, work experience, language knowledge, age, children, spouse’s characteristics and financial autonomy.

Wealthy individuals may consider any of Quebec’s business programs, which are: Investors, Entrepreneurs and Self-employed.

Another program available for those candidates who are already living and working or studying in Quebec is the Quebec Experience Program – PEQ. Eligible candidates can apply for a CSQ under an accelerated process. Two streams are available: Quebec Graduate and Temporary Foreign Worker. 

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