Canada Adds 64,000 New Jobs As Employment Rate Rebounds To Hit 62%

Canada Job Vacancies Dropped Further In Previous Quarter
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Canada added 64,000 Canada jobs in September as the employment rate rose in a turnaround from the previous month.

In Statistics Canada’s Labour Force Survey, September 2023, the statistical and demographic services agency of the federal government notes the employment rate, defined as the proportion of the population aged 15 and older who are employed, rose 0.1 percentage points to 62 per cent in September.

That offset a decline of 0.1 percentage points in employment the previous month.

The biggest changes in employment in September were among those described by Statistics Canada as being core-aged, or the most likely to hold down jobs. Those are people aged 25 to 54 years of age

“Employment increased among core-aged … women, up 37,000 employed people or 0.6 per cent, and men, up 32,000 people or 0.5 per cent, while it was little changed for youth aged 15 to 24 and people aged 55 and older,” reports Statistics Canada.

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Across the country, only two provinces saw a net drop in employment in September. New Brunswick saw a drop of 2,700 employed workers and employment dropped by 38,000 workers in Alberta.

Throughout the rest of the country, employment rose in six provinces in September, led by Quebec which gained 39,000 employed workers and British Columbia which saw an employment gain of 26,000. Employment increased by 8,800 in Manitoba, 6,000 in Saskatchewan, 3,200 in Nova Scotia and 2,700 in Prince Edward Island.

As students headed back to classrooms across the country, employment in educational services spiked by 66,000, or 4.5 per cent, in September, offsetting a decrease of 44,000, or 2.9 per cent in August. From May to September, employment in education services rose by 26,000, or 1.8 per cent, continuing an upward trend started in September 2022.

After adding 13,000 jobs in August 2023, employment in the transportation and warehousing sector rose by another 19,000, or 1.8 per cent, in September.

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“Since January, the number of people employed in transportation and warehousing has increased by 82,000,” notes Statistics Canada.

“The increase accounted for over one-third, or 34.4 per cent, of net employment growth across all industries over this period.”

The sectors which shed jobs in September included finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing  where employment dropped by 20,000 jobs, or 1.4 per cent,  and construction, where employment fell by 18,000 jobs or 1.1 per cent after rising by 2.2 per cent in August.

Information, culture and recreation also saw a drop in employment, shedding 12,000 jobs as the summer tourism season came to an end.

Part-Time Jobs, Self-Employment On The Rise In September

Driving employment growth in September was a rise of 48,000 in the number of people holding down part-time jobs.

“Since the beginning of the year, growth in part-time work, at 1.9 per cent, has outpaced growth in full-time work at one per cent,” reports Statistics Canada.

There were also more people – especially men – working for themselves in September but still fewer doing so than prior to the COVID-19 pandemic.

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“The number of self-employed workers rose by 26,000, up one percent, in September, following an increase of 50,000, or 1.9 per cent, in August,” reports Statistics Canada. “From July to September, the number of self-employed men increased by 55,000, accounting for 72.6 per cent of the increase over this period.”

In September, 13.2 per cent of employed workers were working for themselves, up from July when only 12.9 per cent of employed workers were self-employed, but little changed from January … and below the pre-pandemic share recorded in February 2020 when 14.6 per cent of employed workers were self-employed.


“Relative increases in self-employment can be associated with many factors, including changes in the composition of employment by industry, and changes in individual characteristics, circumstances and motivations,” notes Statistics Canada.

“In addition, some past increases in self-employment have been associated with economic downturns. In September, the industries accounting for the highest shares of self-employed workers were professional, scientific and technical services, at 16.9 per cent, construction, at 14.5 per cent, and healthcare and social assistance, at 12.4 per cent.”

Canadian Employers Can Fill Vacant Jobs With Temporary Foreign Workers

Government was the single biggest employer to add jobs in September as the public sector swelled by 37,000 workers, the first increase since January.

“On a year-over-year basis, public sector employment increased by 86,000, and accounted for 15.5 per cent of the overall net increase in employment over this period,” notes Statistics Canada.

Canadian employers hoping to attract workers through economic immigration can recruit them through the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) and the International Mobility Program (IMP).

The Global Talent Stream (GTS), a part of the TFWP, can under normal processing situations lead to the granting of Canadian work permits and processing of visa applications within two weeks.

Employers can also bring in foreign nationals to fill available positions through the Express Entry system, which receives immigration applications online.

It powers the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSW), Federal Skilled Trades Program (FST), and Canada Experience Class Program (CEC) which all draw from the Express Entry pool of candidates. Those with the required Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) scores are then sent Invitations to Apply (ITAs) in regular draws.

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We are accepting international entrepreneurs to join our Start-Up Visa projects in Canada. Read more here.

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Colin Singer
Colin Singer is an international acclaimed Canadian immigration lawyer and founder of featured on Wikipedia. Colin Singer is also founding director of the Canadian Citizenship & Immigration Resource Center (CCIRC) Inc. He served as an Associate Editor of ‘Immigration Law Reporter’, the pre-eminent immigration law publication in Canada. He previously served as an executive member of the Canadian Bar Association’s Quebec and National Immigration Law Sections and is currently a member of the Canadian Chapter of the American Immigration Lawyers Association. Colin has twice appeared as an expert witness before Canada’s House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration. He is frequently recognized as a recommended authority at national conferences sponsored by government and non-government organizations on matters affecting Canada’s immigration and human resource industries. Since 2009, Colin has been a Governor of the Quebec Bar Foundation a non-profit organization committed to the advancement of the profession, and became a lifetime member in 2018.