Quebec Immigration Plan: More Newcomers in 2021 to Boost Coronavirus Recovery

Quebec Expression Of Interest Draw: Province Issues 1,187 Canada Immigration Invitations
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The Quebec provincial government announced on Thursday that the province expects to welcome between 13,000 and 18,000 fewer immigrants than planned in 2020, a deficit it will make up in the next two years.

The coronavirus pandemic’s impact on Quebec immigration levels means 2020 admissions will fall to a maximum of 30,500 newcomers, 70 percent of the expected total. The number could drop as low as 25,600 new permanent residents, just 59 percent of the planned admissions.

The numbers were revealed as Immigration Minister Nadine Girault tabled the Quebec Immigration Plan for 2021 before the National Assembly.

Girault revealed the governing Coalition Avenir Quebec plans to make up the 2020 shortfall over the next two years.

It will start by welcoming up to 47,500 newcomers in 2021, with 7,000 immigrants added from the 2020 shortfall.

Quebec’s 2021 Immigration Levels Plan

Results Plan 2020 Forecast 2020 Plan 2021
2018 2019 MIN MAX MIN MAX Rebalancing MIN MAX
Economic 29,192 23,129 25,500 26,300 14,000 17,000 4,600 27,500 29,300
– Skilled Workers 24,129 19,098 21,600 22,000 12,800 15,000 3,500 22,900 24,200
– Business 4,204 3,387 3,300 3,600 1,000 1,600 1,000 4,000 4,300
– Other Economic 859 644 600 700 200 400 100 600 800
Family Reunification 12,286 9,686 9,900 10,200 6,700 7,100 1,550 9,700 10,200
Refugees 8,834 7,248 7,200 7,500 4,400 5,800 850 6,900 7,500
Other Immigrants 811 502 400 500 500 600 0 400 500
TOTAL 51,123 40,565 43,000 44,500 25,600 30,500 7,000 44,500 47,500

The CAQ expects 62 percent of the 2021 total to fall in the economic immigration category.

“This plan, like all our actions, aims to ensure that each immigrant can find his place in Quebec society and contribute in his own way to collective prosperity, to the vitality of French and thus to the development of an inclusive and harmonious society,” Girault said.

“It also testifies to the government’s vision of immigration as an integral part of the strategy to be adopted in order to face demographic challenges and the scarcity of labour.”

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Quebec Immigration in 2021: Breakdown

Economic Category

In the economic category, Quebec plans to welcome between 27,500 and 29,300 newcomers in 2021. A total of 4,600 will be welcomed to make up the shortfall from 2020.

Of the economic total, between 27,500 and 29,300 will be skilled workers, 4,000 to 4,300 will fall into the business category, while 600 to 800 ‘other economic immigrants’ are expected to arrive.

Family Reunification

Quebec plans to welcome between 9,700 and 10,200 newcomers in the family reunification category. A total of 1,550 will be welcomed to make up the shortfall from 2020. 


In the refugee category, Quebec plans to welcome between 6,900 and 7,500 newcomers. A total of 850 will be welcomed to make up the shortfall from 2020. 

Other Immigrants

Quebec also plans to welcome between 400 and 500 newcomers in the ‘other immigrants’ category, with no catch-up planned.

A statement from the Quebec Ministry of Immigration, Francisation and Integration (MIFI) said the rebalancing of the immigration deficit caused by the pandemic was required so as not to “jeopardize the economic recovery in Quebec”.

Quebec was already seeing labour shortages return, MIFI said.

“This rebalancing solution was favored because although the health crisis caused an unexpected economic crisis, the phenomenon of labour scarcity is gradually resurfacing in several sectors,” the MIFI statement said. 

“A deficit of immigration admissions could exacerbate the phenomenon of labour scarcity at the end of the crisis and jeopardize the economic recovery in Quebec. This solution also takes into account the demographic challenges facing Quebec.”

In laying out its plan for 2021, Quebec said it planned to issue between 26,500 and 31,200 Quebec Selection Certificates (CSQs) to ensure the flow of future admissions.

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