Visa-Free Travel to 184 Countries Makes Canada’s Passport Sixth Most Powerful

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The Canadian passport is the sixth most powerful in the world, allowing holders to travel to 184 countries without a pre-arranged visa.

Canada sits alongside the UK, Belgium, Greece and Ireland in sixth spot on a list headed by the passports of Asian giants Japan, Singapore and South Korea, which boast visa-free travel to 189 destinations.


Top 10 Most Powerful Passports

  1. Japan, Singapore, South Korea: 189
  2. Germany: 188
  3. France, Denmark, Finland, Italy, Sweden: 187
  4. Luxembourg, Spain: 186
  5. Austria, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Switzerland, US: 185
  6. Canada, UK, Belgium, Greece, Ireland: 184
  7. Czech Republic: 183
  8. Malta: 182
  9. Australia, Iceland, New Zealand: 181
  10. Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Slovenia: 180

The so-called ‘power’ of a country’s passport is indicative of its standing among the largest and most developed nations in the world.

Canada regularly features among the countries with the world’s most powerful passports. Visa-free access is seen as a measurement of the freedom of citizens of a certain country.

In the last two years, Canada has added Mexicans, Romanians and Bulgarians to the list of nationalities it allows to enter the country without a pre-arranged visa.

When flying into Canada, holders of visa-exempt passports are required to obtain an Electronic Travel Authorization in advance of their travel.


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New Canada Passport Rules Aimed at Protecting Children


In 2018, Canada’s federal government made important changes to passport rules with the aim of protecting children under 16 and preventing the document being misused.

Changes include giving power to the Canada immigration minister to issue without the need for an application, or refuse to issue, a passport to a child, if they believe it is in the child’s best interest.

The minister can also cancel a child’s passport if they believe it is in the child’s best interest.

Under the changes, the minister is also given the power to refuse to issue a passport if they believe it will be used by someone other than the bearer.

Gender Neutrality

These changes come after the federal government implemented gender neutrality on passports and other immigration documents in August 2017.

Those who do not identify as male or female can now indicate their gender with an ‘X’.

The move comes after the Canadian Human Rights Act was amended to add gender identity and gender expression to the list of prohibited grounds of discrimination.

The Canadian government says it will work towards a ‘consistent federal approach’ when it comes to gender neutrality.

Rules for Dual Citizens

Dual citizens must make sure they are aware of Canada’s passport rules.

Following the introduction of the eTA in 2016, dual citizens now require a Canadian passport to fly into the country.

When the new rule was introduced, Canadian missions all over the world were inundated with Canadian passport requests. Previously, dual citizens could use the passport of their other country of citizenship.

The eTA rules forced thousands of dual citizens to apply for a Canadian passport.

Canada Citizenship

Canada’s federal government made a number of changes to Canada’s Citizenship Act after Bill C-6 came into force in October 2017.

The foremost change made by Ottawa was to reduce the physical presence requirement for permanent residents to become citizens to three years out of the last five.

Previously the requirement was four years out of the last six.

Changes to the Citizenship Act also included reducing the age range for applicants who must meet the language and knowledge requirements.

A further change allows candidates to count the days spent as temporary residents and protected persons spend in Canada as half days (up to 365 days) towards their physical presence requirement.


What Are the Canadian Citizenship Requirements?

  1. Have unconditional Canadian permanent residence status.
  2. Be physically present for three years out of the preceding five (1,095 days out of 1,825).
  3. Meet income tax filing obligations for three years out of the last five.
  4. Prove adequate knowledge of one of Canada’s official languages (English or French) if aged 18 to 54.
  5. Pass a Canadian knowledge test (if aged 18 to 54).
  6. Not be prohibited due to committing a criminal offence.

Read more on how to get Canadian Citizenship.

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Colin Singer is an international acclaimed Canadian immigration lawyer featured on Wikipedia. Colin Singer is founding director of the Canadian Citizenship & Immigration Resource Center (CCIRC) Inc. He served as an Associate Editor of ‘Immigration Law Reporter’, the pre-eminent immigration law publication in Canada. He previously served as an executive member of the Canadian Bar Association’s Quebec and National Immigration Law Sections and is currently a member of the Canadian Chapter of the American Immigration Lawyers Association. Colin has twice appeared as an expert witness before Canada’s House of Commons Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration. He is frequently recognized as a recommended authority at national conferences sponsored by government and non-government organizations on matters affecting Canada’s immigration and human resource industries. Since 2009, Colin has been a Governor of the Quebec Bar Foundation a non-profit organization committed to the advancement of the profession, and became a lifetime member in 2018.